New Galactic Center X-ray Transient Detected by Swift: SWIFT J174540.7-290015
ATel #8649; Mark Reynolds (Michigan), Jamie Kennea (Penn State), Nathalie Degenaar (Cambridge), Rudy Wijnands (Amsterdam), Jon Miller (Michigan) on behalf of a larger collaboration.
on 7 Feb 2016; 20:04 UT
Credential Certification: Mark Reynolds (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Subjects: Radio, Infra-Red, X-ray, Request for Observations, Binary, Neutron Star, Soft Gamma-ray Repeater, Transient
We report on our ongoing Swift monitoring observations of the Galactic center (Degenaar et
al. 2015). In the first Swift observation after the GC exited the solar constraint window, a new
X-ray source is detected in a ~ 1ks observation on MJD 57424.87742 (t_start: 160206 @21:02UT), at a
RA (J2000): 17 45 40.74 (266.41974)
Dec (J2000): -29 00 14.7 (-29.00407)
90% Error radius: 2.2''
This lies approximately 16" to the north of Sgr A* and the magnetar SGR J1745-29. This observation
also reveals the eclipsing neutron star transient AX J1745.6-2901 (Degenaar & Wijnands 2009, 2010)
to remain active over 2.5yrs since the onset of the current outburst (ATEL #5222, #5226).
Extracting a spectrum from a circular region (r=20") centered on this source and background from an
annular region 28"-37" from the source position, we measure a net count rate of 0.50+\-0.02
ct/s. Assuming a constant column of N_H = 9.1e22 cm^-2, the resulting spectrum is equally well
characterized by both a power-law (gamma=0.60+\-0.26) and blackbody (kT=2.1+0.4-0.3 keV,
norm=0.9+0.4-0.3, implying an emission radius of approx. 1.2 km at 8 kpc) model. Assuming a distance
of 8 kpc, the source luminosity is 7.9e35 erg/s (2 - 10 keV). The observed spectrum would favor a
transient accreting neutron star or magnetar interpretation for this source. The observed spectral
shape is inconsistent with that observed from a typical accreting black hole. Inspection of the
source lightcurve does not reveal the presence of pulsations, though the observation was acquired in
PC mode (delta_t = 2.5s), thus limiting our ability to detect rapid coherent pulsations.
We note the presence of two catalogued CXO sources in the immediate vicinity of this source.
Chandra observations have determined CXOGC J174540.0-290014 to be a (very-faint) X-ray transient
(Muno et al. 2005). However, at the current time, we cannot firmly associate this source with either
of the above sources and as such it is possible that the detected source is a newly active Galactic
center transient, which we designate SWIFT J174540.7-290015.
Follow-up observations are encouraged to determine the nature of this source.
The Swift/XRT Galactic Center monitoring campaign website can be found at: http://www.swift-sgra.com
Degenaar & Wijnands 2009, A&A 495, 547
Degenaar & Wijnands 2010, A&A 524, 69
Degenaar et al., 2015, JHEAp, 7, 137
Muno et al., 2005, ApJ 622, L113