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Fermi LAT confirmation of enhanced gamma-ray emission from the Crab Nebula region

ATel #2861; R. Buehler (SLAC/KIPAC), F. D'Ammando (INAF-IASF Palermo), E. Hays (NASA/GSFC) on behalf of the Fermi Large Area Telescope Collaboration
on 23 Sep 2010; 17:34 UT
Distributed as an Instant Email Notice Transients
Credential Certification: Rolf Buehler (buehler@slac.stanford.edu)

Subjects: >GeV, Pulsar

Referred to by ATel #: 2866, 2867, 2868, 2872, 2879, 2882, 2889, 2893, 2903, 2921, 2967, 2968, 2994, 3058, 3276, 3283, 4239

Following the detection by AGILE of increasing gamma-ray activity from a source positionally consistent with the Crab Nebula occurred from September 19 to 21 (ATel #2855), we report on the analysis of the >100 MeV emission from this region with the Large Area Telescope (LAT), one of the two instruments on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.

Preliminary LAT analysis indicates that the gamma-ray emission (E >100 MeV) observed during this time period at the location of the Crab Nebula is (606 +/- 43) x10^-8 ph/cm2/sec, corresponding to an excess with significance >9 sigma with respect to the average flux from the Crab nebula of (286 +/- 2) x10^-8 ph/cm2/sec, estimated over all the Fermi operation period (only statistical errors are given). Ongoing Fermi observations indicate that the flare is continuing.

The flaring component has a spectral index of 2.49 +/- 0.14. Its position, Ra: 83.59 Dec: 22.05 with a 68% error radius of 0.06 deg, is coincident with the Crab Nebula.

Fermi will interrupt its all-sky scanning mode between 2010-09-23 15:49:00 UT and 2010-09-30 15:49:00 UT to observe the Crab Nebula. Afterwards regular gamma-ray monitoring of this source will continue. We strongly encourage further multifrequency observations of that region.

For this source the Fermi LAT contact person is Rolf Buehler (buehler@stanford.edu).

The Fermi LAT is a pair conversion telescope designed to cover the energy band from 20 MeV to greater than 300 GeV. It is the product of an international collaboration between NASA and DOE in the U.S. and many scientific institutions across France, Italy, Japan and Sweden.